Caching 101: Adobe Commerce Answer to Lightning-Fast E-commerce

Joshua Fedoryszyn's
February 2024
Caching 101: Adobe Commerce Answer to Lightning-Fast E-commerce

Decoding Caching in Adobe Commerce: An Accessible Guide


In the digital world where time is of the essence, speed and efficiency are imperative to deliver a good online user experience. Many digital platforms like Adobe Commerce, a leading e-commerce solution, incorporate a technique known as caching to enhance performance and improve user satisfaction.

What is Caching?

Imagine your local grocery store. If every item you needed was stored in a far-off warehouse, shopping would be a time-consuming and tiresome task. Instead, the most popular items are stocked on the shelves for easy access, making your shopping trip quicker and more efficient. Similarly, in the digital realm, caching stores frequently accessed data like web pages, images, and database queries for quick retrieval, saving time and resources.

Why is Caching Important?

Caching serves two key roles. First, it dramatically enhances a website's speed and performance, which is essential for user satisfaction and retention. Second, it reduces the strain on servers by eliminating the need for repetitive data fetching. In other words, less time is spent retrieving data and more time is spent serving users efficiently.

Understanding Caching In-Depth

For those interested in the technical nuances of caching, here's a look at how caching really works in saving time and resources.

When a user visits a website, a request is sent to the server to retrieve all the necessary data to render the webpage. This may include HTML content, CSS for styling, JavaScript for functionality, images, other multimedia, database queries, and much more.

Without caching, every single time a user (or even the same user) requests a webpage, the server has to retrieve and assemble all these pieces of information to construct the webpage from scratch. This process is known as rendering. The server needs to interpret the PHP scripts, run database queries, compile and process the HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, and then send the final output to the user's browser to be displayed. This entire process takes time and resources, and when multiple users are requesting webpages simultaneously, it can put substantial strain on the server.

This is where caching comes to the rescue. The first time a webpage is rendered, instead of discarding the final output after it's sent to the user's browser, it's saved or 'cached'. The next time that same webpage is requested, instead of going through the whole rendering process again, the server can simply send the cached output. This cached output is an exact copy of what would have been rendered, but retrieving it from cache is much quicker and requires fewer resources than rendering it anew.

This basic principle of caching applies to all the different types of caches in Adobe Commerce. For example, the Configuration Cache stores the final processed configuration settings after all the XML files have been read and compiled, the Blocks HTML Output Cache stores the final HTML output of individual blocks on a page after all the PHP and layout XML have been processed, and the Full Page Cache stores the final HTML output of an entire page after all processing and rendering have been completed.

But what happens if something changes, like you update some content or change a setting? That's where cache invalidation comes in. Adobe Commerce intelligently tracks changes that might affect the content of any of its caches, and when such a change is made, it marks the affected cache as 'invalid'. The next time a request is made that would require that cache, instead of using the now outdated cached content, Adobe Commerce will go through the full rendering process again and then update the cache with the new output. This way, it ensures that users always see the most up-to-date content while still benefiting from the speed advantages of caching.

Types of Caches in Adobe Commerce

Adobe Commerce offers several types of caches, each serving a unique purpose:

  1. Configuration Cache: Stores the configuration settings for easy access, ensuring quick reflection of changes made to your site's setup.
  2. Layout Cache: Stores the layout file data, ensuring that your site's structure loads quickly.
  3. Blocks HTML Output Cache: Stores block HTML output, allowing elements like headers and footers to load faster.
  4. Collections Data Cache: This cache type stores common database queries, speeding up data retrieval.
  5. Reflection Data Cache: This stores API interface data, which are sets of rules allowing different software applications to communicate. The caching of this data makes these interactions faster.
  6. Database DDL Operations Cache: It accelerates database access, reducing the load on your server's processing power.
  7. Page Cache: This stores full-page output, allowing the website to swiftly serve pages to returning visitors.
  8. EAV Types and Attributes Cache: It stores metadata related to Entity Attribute Value (EAV), a data storage system that makes operations with EAV objects faster.

Adobe Commerce Cache Management

Adobe Commerce simplifies cache management through its control panel.

Here, caches can be enabled or disabled, which means turning on or off the cache functionality. When a cache is disabled, the system will have to fetch data in real-time, slowing the website down. 'Flushing' a cache removes all data from the cache and can be helpful when old data isn't refreshing as expected.


Full Page Cache in Adobe Commerce

Adobe Commerce Full Page Cache stores entire HTML pages to swiftly serve them to returning visitors. This drastically reduces the server load and improves site performance, enhancing the user experience and boosting potential sales.

Varnish Cache and Adobe Commerce

Varnish Cache is a powerful HTTP accelerator, often used in conjunction with Adobe Commerce. It stores copies of pages for non-logged-in users, offering faster page load times and superior server resource management. Unlike Full Page Cache which is built into Magento, Varnish Cache is a separate software that requires additional setup but provides excellent performance even under high traffic loads.

Caching and SEO

Caching indirectly contributes to your site's SEO (Search Engine Optimization) performance. Search engines like Google consider site speed in their ranking algorithms. So, a faster site, made possible by effective caching, can help improve your website's visibility on search engines, attracting more potential customers.

Common Problems and Solutions in Adobe Commerce Caching System

While Adobe Commerce caching system is generally robust, it isn't immune to issues. For instance, updates may not immediately reflect on your site due to cached old data. In such cases, flushing the cache often resolves the issue.


In the bustling landscape of Adobe Commerce caching serves as an unsung hero, ensuring that your customers can promptly access what they need from your online store. If you're curious to learn more or need assistance, don't hesitate to reach out. Our team at Binary Anvil is here to help! From caching to ERP integrations, we've got the skills to ensure your Adobe Commerce store runs like a well-oiled machine. Contact us today to discover how we can elevate your store's performance and simplify your e-commerce journey.